Urban areas can include town and cities while rural areas include villages and hamlets. While rural areas may develop randomly on the basis of natural vegetation and fauna available in a region, urban settlements are proper, planned settlements built up according to a process called urbanization. Many times, rural areas are focused upon by governments and development agencies and turned into urban areas. Unlike rural areas, urban settlements are defined by their advanced civic amenities, opportunities for education, facilities for transport, business and social interaction and overall better standard of living.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Religion Almost all of the people of Pakistan are Muslims or at least follow Islamic traditions, and Islamic ideals and practices suffuse virtually all parts of Pakistani life.
Most Pakistanis belong to the Sunni sect, the major branch of Islam. Among Sunnis, Sufism is extremely popular and influential. Two popular reform movements founded in northern India—the Deoband and Barelwi schools—are likewise widespread in Pakistan.
Differences between the two movements over a variety of theological issues are significant to the point that violence often has erupted between them. It is perhaps the largest grassroots Muslim organization in the world.
Moreover, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan inSaudi Arabia assisted Pakistan in caring for vast numbers of Afghan refugees in the border areas and in the construction and staffing of thousands of traditional Sunni madrasah s religious schools.
Anyone who leads prayers in mosques may be appointed imam. The community became the focal point of riots in the Punjab ininstigated by the Islamic Assembly but also including a broad representation of religious groups. Mohammad Zia ul-Haq —when they were denied all semblance of Islamic character—and they have been denied positions in the civil service and the military and often have been forced to conceal their identity.
At the time of partition, most Hindus left newly formed West Pakistan for India. In the east, wealthier Hindus also fled newly formed East Pakistan, but a sizeable minority of Hindus nearly 10 million stayed behind. The vast majority remained there until the civil war of which led to the creation of Bangladesh compelled them to seek refuge in India.
There is also a small but fairly significant population of Christians in the country. There are adherents to a variety of denominations, Roman Catholicism being the largest.
Violent attacks against Christians became increasingly common during the Zia ul-Haq regime, a trend that continued afterward with the increase of religious strife. Settlement patterns Geographically, the population of Pakistan is distributed rather unevenly.
More than half of the population is in Punjab ; on the other hand, Balochistanthe largest province in terms of area, has significant areas with virtually no settled population.
Likewise, within each province, the population further pools in various areas. Much of the population of Balochistan, for instance, is concentrated in the area of Quetta. The region around Karachi and the inhabited strip along the Indus River are the most densely settled areas in Sindh province.
Within Punjab the population density generally decreases from northeast to southwest. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa the plain around Peshawar and Mardan is a high-density area. Broadly speaking, population density is greatest in fertile agricultural areas.
Nomadism and transhumanceonce common lifestyles in Pakistan, are practiced by relatively few people in the 21st century. Traditional regions The traditional regions of Pakistan, shaped by ecological factors and historical evolution, are reflected in the administrative division of the country into the four provinces of SindhPunjabKhyber Pakhtunkhwa including the Federally Administered Tribal Areasand Balochistaneach of which is ethnically and linguistically distinct.
In the Punjabuntil the advent of irrigationmost of the population was restricted to those areas receiving more than 20 inches mm of precipitation annually, namely the Potwar Plateau and the upper Indus plain. Such areas where dry farming is practiced are referred to as barani.
Later, large areas of uncultivated land in the Indus River plain of the southern Punjab were irrigated by canals and populated by colonists drawn from other parts of the province. Referred to as the Canal Colony, that area now forms the richest agricultural region of the country. Agricultural wealth is concentrated in those barani areas around Lahore that have benefited from irrigation, together with the Canal Colony areas and Sindh province.
Landholdings are larger in the Canal Colony areas of the Punjab and in Sindh. Elsewhere, in the overpopulated and poor districts of the barani region that do not benefit from irrigation, holdings are exceedingly small and fragmented.
In those districts, there is great pressure to migrate from the villages in order to find employment in towns, to enlist in the armed forces, or to seek work abroad, particularly in the Persian Gulf states of the Middle East. Rural settlement About two-thirds of the rural population of Pakistan lives in nucleated villages or hamlets i.Aurat Foundation.
Aurat Foundation is a national, non-profit, non-governmental organization working for women's empowerment. The organization was created in and deals with a wide spectrum of women's welfare issues in rural and urban areas all across Pakistan.
Most rural areas in Pakistan tend to be near cities, and are peri-urban areas, This is due to the definition of a rural area in Pakistan being an area that does not come within an urban boundary.
The remote rural villagers of Pakistan commonly live in houses made of bricks, clay or mud. Studies done in urban tertiary care settings in Pakistan, had reported figures ranging from 24% - 42% [8,13].
Whereas community based studies from rural Pakistan have reported prevalence's ranging from 28% - 36% [ 11, 14 ]. What is Rural Community? Rural communities are conspicuous by the absence of industrialization though there is advancement in terms of farm equipment and machinery.
Unlike Urban communities, rural communities are blessed in this regard as they can still breathe in pure and natural air. Data, research and territorial reviews on regional, rural and urban development including city planning, green cities, green regions and mayoral roundtables.
Human settlements are classified as rural or urban depending on the density of human-created structures and resident people in a particular area. Urban areas can include town and cities while rural areas include villages and hamlets. While rural areas may develop randomly on the basis of natural.