Natural recycling of aggregate

One important way that we do this is through our materials recycling program.

Natural recycling of aggregate

Recycled aggregates reduce environmental impact 1st September Much of the research to date to reduce the environmental impacts of concrete has focused on the partial replacement of cement with industrial by-products, such as fly ash, ground granulated blast furnace slag, and silica fume.

Greenstone Materials | Natural & Recycled Construction Aggregates

In comparison, conservation of natural aggregates has been largely ignored in the United States even though these materials take about half of the concrete mix by volume. Recycling of old concrete in the form of aggregate has been mostly in non-structural applications such as sidewalks, bulk fills, erosion control, and roadway sub-base even though the quality of the recycled material is often significantly higher than is required in these applications.

Undeniably, recycling old concrete into material suitable for structural applications has some added costs for higher quality control, but the process is likely to be more cost-effective and more sustainable than mining, processing, and transporting new natural aggregates.

Despite the environmental and potential economic benefits of recycling concrete into new construction, only a small amount of recycled concrete aggregates has been used in structural engineering projects in the United States. The primary obstacles against their increased utilization include the variability of recycled material properties and quality from different sources, limited fundamental research on the mechanical behavior of recycled concrete aggregates concrete, limited research on the long-term behavior of recycled concrete aggregates concrete, and no engineering guidelines or standards for the design and construction of reinforced concrete structures with significant levels of recycled concrete aggregates.

Aiming to address these issues, research in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences at the University of Notre Dame has been experimentally and analytically demonstrating that recycled concrete aggregates is a viable substitution for natural aggregates in reinforced concrete building construction.

To gain knowledge of the fundamental material behavior of recycled concrete aggregates concrete, researchers focused on characterizing the regional variability in the recycled concrete aggregates properties and quality, methods of replacing natural aggregates with recycled material, and the effects on hardened concrete behavior.

It was observed that increased water absorption of recycled concrete aggregates and often significant amounts of deleterious materials left over from demolition such as, brick, wood, asphalt, and glass could be used as indicators to help predict the strength and stiffness of concrete made using a particular recycled concrete aggregates.


Generally, recycled concrete aggregates concrete has reduced strength and stiffness with increased recycled concrete aggregates water absorption and deleterious material content, although this effect is much more significant on the concrete stiffness.

Provided that specified limits on the recycled concrete aggregates water absorption and deleterious material content are met, material from typical recycling plants in the United States can produce percent replacement of natural aggregates in new concrete with compressive strength and stiffnessadequate for structural applications.

To study this behavior, sixteen reinforced concrete beams were subjected to sustained loading for a period of at least four months while varying the amount of recycled concrete aggregates in addition to other parameters such as the service load level and the amount of reinforcing steel.

The results from this research help to provide guidance for quantifying the effects of recycled concrete aggregates on the mechanical and structural behavior at service-level and ultimate limit states.Aggregates from Natural and Recycled Sources Economic Assessments for Construction Applications—A Materials Flow Analysis By Aggregate recycling rates are greatest in urban areas where replacement of infrastructure is occurring, natural aggregate resources are limited, disposal costs are high, or.

30 Mamery Adama Serifou et al.: Effect of Association Natural-Recycling Aggregates (Crushed Glass and Waste Tire) on Mechanical Properties of the Concrete Figure 2.

Compressive strength of the concrete according to the proportion of aggregate of glass.


Natural and recycled aggregates were used as the coarse aggregate in the concrete mixtures. In this study, crushed granite was used as the natural aggregate and recycled aggregate sourced from a recycling facility in Hong Kong was used (the RA contained more than 90% crushed recycled rubbles).

Introduction. For many years peoples have been trying to keep the environmental clean and mention the natural balance of life.

Natural recycling of aggregate

The scientific studies provide us the information and methods to achieve these objectives and the recycling of waste and by product materials represent the main role in these studies [].

Beside that, Aggregate Advisory Service (n.d.) also state that the recycling site may accept the segregates materials at lower cost than landfill without tax levy and recycled aggregate can be used at lower prices than primary aggregate in the construction works. Our Lutz facility is the first, and only, aggregate recycling facility to be Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) approved to supply coarse aggregates on FDOT projects.

History[ edit ] People have used sand and stone for foundations for thousands of years. Significant refinement of the production and use of aggregate occurred during the Roman Empirewhich used aggregate to build its vast network of roads and aqueducts.
Coefficient of variation; D: Compressive strength of the concrete according to the proportion of aggregate of glass.
Aggregate Materials Recycling in Connecticut | Grasso Companies Resources Introduction Recycled aggregate is produced by crushing concrete, and sometimes asphalt, to reclaim the aggregate.

Mine # Reusing crushed concrete for new projects preserves natural resources .

Concrete recycling - Wikipedia