Literature review on childhood obesity research

Rather than walking or biking to a bus-stop or directly to school, more school-age children are driven to school by their parents, reducing physical activity. As family sizes decrease, the children's pester power, their ability to force adults to do what the want, increases. This ability enables them to have easier access to calorie-packed foods, such as candy and soda drinks.

Literature review on childhood obesity research

References Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. Where people live can affect their ability to make healthy choices.

Behavior Behaviors that influence excess weight gain include eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages, not getting enough physical activity, sedentary activities such as watching television or other screen devices, medication use, and sleep routines.

In contrast, consuming a healthy diet and being physically active can help children grow as well as maintain a healthy weight throughout childhood. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain.

In addition, eating healthy and being physically active also has other health benefits and helps to prevent chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Use these resources to eat well and be active! A healthy diet follows the Dietary Guidelines for Americans that emphasizes eating a variety of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, a variety of lean protein foods, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products.

It also limits eating foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium.

Search Google Appliance

The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends children aged 6 years or older do at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day. Community Environment It can be difficult for children and parents to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity when they are exposed to environments that do not support healthy habits.

Places such as child care centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide.

Other community factors that affect diet and physical activity include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.

Literature review on childhood obesity research

Consequences of Obesity More Immediate Health Risks Obesity during childhood can have a harmful effect on the body in a variety of ways. Children who have obesity are more likely to have High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease CVD.

Increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. Breathing problems, such as asthma and sleep apnea.

Joint problems and musculoskeletal discomfort. Fatty liver disease, gallstones, and gastro-esophageal reflux i. Childhood obesity is also related to Psychological problems such as anxiety and depression. Low self-esteem and lower self-reported quality of life.Let's Move!

was a public health campaign in the United States, led by Michelle Obama, wife of then-President Barack grupobittia.com campaign aims to reduce childhood obesity and encourage a healthy lifestyle in children.. The initiative has the initially stated goal of "solving the challenge of childhood obesity within a generation so that children born today will reach adulthood at a healthy weight.".

INTRODUCTION

‘A world without play’ – a literature review. Revised January Authors. Josie Gleave and Issy Cole-Hamilton Much of the information in this review is drawn directly from previously published work.

Literature review on childhood obesity research

Obesity Literature review I. Introduction Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse affect . Background: Childhood obesity is a global health problem with short- and long-term health consequences.

This systematic review presents a summary of the experiences on different family-, school-, and clinic-based interventions. Nov 27,  · Literature Review 1.

Has childhood obesity increased, if so what factors have led to this? Child obesity is a serious problem with potentially profound health and social consequences, not least the increased risk becoming an obese adult (Philips, F.

). The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.

Purdue OWL // Purdue Writing Lab