The violin was not made directly from the instruments called viols. The word violin comes from the Middle Latin word vitula. It means stringed instrument. They were brought from the Middle East  and the Byzantine Empire.
History[ edit ] The medieval fiddle emerged in 10th-century Europe, deriving from the Byzantine lira Greek: During the Renaissance the gambas were important and elegant instruments; they eventually lost ground to the louder and originally less aristocratic viola da braccio family.
Like the violin, it tended to have four strings, but came in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Another family of instruments that contributed to the development of the modern fiddle are the violswhich are held between the legs and played vertically, and have fretted fingerboards. Following the folk revivals of the second half of the 20th century, however, it has become common for less formal situations to find large groups of fiddlers playing together—see for example the Calgary Fiddlers, Swedish Spelmanslag folk-musician clubs, and the worldwide phenomenon of Irish sessions.
These contrasting traditions may be vestiges of historical performance settings: The difference was likely compounded by the different sounds expected of violin music and fiddle music.
Historically, the majority of fiddle music was dance music,  while violin music had either grown out of dance music or was something else entirely.
Violin music came to value a smoothness that fiddling, with its dance-driven clear beat, did not always follow. In situations that required greater volume, a fiddler as long as they kept the beat could push their instrument harder than could a violinist.
Scottish fiddle with cello[ edit ] In the very late 20th century, a few artists have successfully attempted a reconstruction of the Scottish tradition of violin and "big fiddle," or cello.
Balkan fiddle with kontra[ edit ] Hungarian, Slovenian, and Romanian fiddle players are often accompanied by a three-stringed variant of the viola —known as the kontra —and by double basswith cimbalom and clarinet being less standard yet still common additions to a band.
The flat bridge allows for three string chords to be played. A three stringed double bass variant is also used. Styles[ edit ] To a greater extent than classical violin playing, fiddle playing is characterized by a huge variety of ethnic or folk music traditions, each of which has its own distinctive sound.The sounds of General American.
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The movie has an important place in American history—and the history of LIF. The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin grupobittia.com violins have a hollow wooden body.
It is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in the family in regular use. Smaller violin-type instruments are known, including the violino piccolo and the kit violin, but these are virtually grupobittia.com violin typically has four strings tuned in perfect.
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A fiddle is a bowed string musical instrument, most often a violin. It is a colloquial term for the violin, used by players in all genres including classical music. Fiddling refers to the act of playing the fiddle, and fiddlers are musicians that play it.
Although violins and fiddles are essentially synonymous, the style of the music played may determine specific construction differences.