At mid-century Egypt was ripe for revolution.
Almost all African anti-colonialist freedom fighters came to him for guidance, moral support and funds.
The Baghdad Pact was initially an alliance between Iraq and Turkey, which Britain supported with the goal of strengthening its power within the Middle East. Nasser considered the Baghdad Pact to be part of a British effort to split the Arab countries into differing groups, and to divide the region by escalating tension between them.
The British later attempted to bring Jordan into the Baghdad Pact in late after Nasser agreed to purchase arms from Czechoslovokia in the Soviet bloc. The British were determined to bring Jordan into the Baghdad Pact and to apply pressure to try and force Jordan to join. Nasser had opposed the Baghdad Pact, and his successful effort to prevent Jordan from joining the pact is an example of his pragmatic diplomatic strategy.
This stance was rewarded with Jordanian support for Egypt during the Suez Crisis the following year in He was thus prepared to offer the Jordanian regime a way out in which it could survive if it did not join the pact.
Its primary focus was on attacking the British rather than the Jordanian regime itself, and it did not itself call for the overthrow of King Hussein. In other words, this propaganda was intended to pressure the regime, and likely to implicitly convince King Hussein that his prospects for remaining in power would be greater if he declined to join the Baghdad Pact, and Jordan decided in December that it would not join the agreement.
However, Nasser had recently September 27, negotiated an agreement with the Soviet Union which provided technical and military aid to the regime, thereby angering the United States which had up until the point been supportive of Nasser and his anti-British and anti-French colonialism.
Consequently, after pressure from the British government concerning the threat posed by Nasser, on 20 Julythe US and Britain withdrew their offers of funding, and the World Bank went back on the agreement.
On 26 July, Nasser gave a historic speech announcing the nationalisation of the Suez Canal Company, under his "Egyptionization" policy, and whose revenues would be used to finance the construction of the High Dam, which was completed in January The nationalisation escalated tension with Britain and Francewhich froze Egyptian assets and put their armies on alert.
Relations with Britain and France which had deteriorated to a frosty cold war level by the summer, were framed anew when the United States withdrew much of its support in demonstration against Nasser's growing friendship with the Soviet Union.
Having at last convinced the United States of its error in supporting the Free Officers Movement and the special threat posed by Nasser, the British and French felt free to intrigue for his overthrow.
In a final replay of old European power politics, the British and French negotiated a plan with Israel which would result in the return of the Suez to the British and French, the overthrow of the Nasser regime, and restoration of European, Christian and Jewish property. Although the later had suffered under the new regime, unlike the Europeans, most Jewish property survived the Egyptianization.
Consequently, Israel, which had previously been used as an interlocuteur for both Soviet and American support for the RCC still had substantial elements operating in Egypt.
Now the British and French decided to use this to their advantage once Israel saw the large threat Nasser posed to their continued existence. Under their plan, Israeli elements in Egypt with launch false flag operations which would be used as a pretext for Israeli launching a surprise attack on Egypt across the Sinai and toward the Suez.
Using the terms of the Canal treaty which allowed the British and French to use military force in protection of the canal, an Anglo-French force would invade the canal area and subsequently invade Cairo.Gamal Abdel Nasser: Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian army officer who served as prime minister (–56) and then president (–70) of Egypt.
Gamal Abdel-Nasser was born on the 15 January , at 18 Qanawat Street in Bacchus, a suburban district in Alexandria.
He was the eldest son of Abdel-Nasser Hussein who was born in in Beni Murr village in Upper Egypt. Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt was born in and died in Nasser was a pivotal figure in the recent history of the Middle East and played a highly prominent role in the Suez grupobittia.com has been described as the first leader of an Arab nation who challenged what was perceived as the western dominance of the Middle East.
Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt was born in and died in Nasser was a pivotal figure in the recent history of the Middle East and played a highly promine.
The history of Egypt under Gamal Abdel Nasser covers the period of Egyptian history from the Egyptian revolution of , of which Gamal Abdel Nasser was one of the two principal leaders, spanning Nasser's presidency of Egypt from , to his death in Gamal Abdel Nasser was born in Alexandria in As a youth, he participated in demonstrations against British rule in Egypt.
After secondary school, he studied at a law college for several.