Law of three stages Auguste Comtethe "Father of Positivism ", pointed out the need to keep society unified as many traditions were diminishing. He was the first person to coin the term sociology. Comte suggests that sociology is the product of a three-stage development: From the beginning of human history until the end of the European Middle Agespeople took a religious view that society expressed God's will.
|Structural functionalism - Wikipedia||It is believed to have had a divine origin and sanction.|
|Law of three stages Auguste Comtethe "Father of Positivism ", pointed out the need to keep society unified as many traditions were diminishing. He was the first person to coin the term sociology.|
|The Functionalist View of Stratification:||He argues that this "Kantian aesthetic" fails to recognize that tastes are socially conditioned and that the objects of consumer choice reflect a symbolic hierarchy that is determined and maintained by the socially dominant in order to enforce their distance or distinction from other classes of society.|
Stratification system derives from common values it follows from the existence of values that individuals will be evaluated and therefore placed in some form of rank order. Stratification is the ranking of units in a social system in accordance with the common value system.
Those who perform successfully in terms of society's values will be ranked highly and they will be likely to receive a variety of rewards and will be accorded high prestige since they exemplify and personify common values.
According to Kingsley Davis and Moore stratification exists in every known human society. All social system shares certain functional prerequisites which must be met if the system is to survive and operate efficiently. One such prerequisite is role allocation and performance.
This means that all roles must be filled.
They will be filled by those best able to perform them. The necessary training for them is undertaken and that the roles are performed conscientiously. Davis and Moore argue that all societies need some mechanism for insuring effective role allocation and performance.
This mechanism is social stratification which they see as a system which attaches unequal rewards and privileges to the positions in society.
They concluded that social stratification is a device by which societies insure that the most important positions are conscientiously filled by the most qualified persons.Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is "a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability".
This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like organisms.
The caste stratification of the Indian society had its origin in the chaturvarna system. According to this doctrine the Hindu society was divided into four main varnas - .
Social Inequality Theoretical Perspectives: Marxism grupobittia.comy: grupobittia.com Page 3.
The Functionalist View of Stratification Essay examples Words 8 Pages Functionalism is a sociological perspective that focuses on the ways in which a complex pattern of social structures and arrangements contributes to social order.
Functionalism was the dominant branch of western Sociology until the s since when it has been increasingly criticised by sociologists favouring different sociological perspectives.
Functionalist Theory. Talcott Parsons believe that order, stability and cooperation in society are based on value consensus that is a general agreement by members of society concerning what is .